Empowering young intellectuals to tackle Tanzania’s agricultural development challenges-Case of Eliafie Mwanga


Mwanga.JPGMr. Eliafie Mwanga, a Tanzanian, completed his MSc in Irrigation and Water Resources Engineering in 2015 at the University of Nairobi, Kenya, with funding from the Innovative Agricultural Research Initiative (iAGRI). iAGRI is a USAID Feed the Future Project aimed at strengthening training and building collaborative research capacities of Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) and the Tanzanian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries (MALF) with the goal of improving food security and agricultural productivity in Tanzania. In the past five years, the project engaged with RUFORUM to facilitate placement of 31 young Tanzanian scientists to pursue their master’s degrees at nine selected RUFORUM member universities in Eastern and Southern Africa.

Upon completing his studies, Eliafie returned to Tanzania to work with the Ministry of Water and Irrigation as a civil engineer where he has been providing technical support and oversight in construction of earth fill dams for irrigation. With him as a technical leader, he assembled a strong team which constructed a 6,600,000 m3 earth fill dam for sprinkler irrigation and domestic water supply in Sikonge District. This dam is meeting the water needs of the people in the district.

Mwanga2

Mwanga3

Eliafie attributes his success to the multidisciplinary, practical-oriented and innovative nature of the master’s course at the University of Nairobi and the soft skills enhancement training he received through RUFORUM. He is thus equipped with technical skills in engineering as well as skills such as critical thinking, problem-solving, leadership, and teamwork. In the course of his work, he has encountered several challenges, but this strong foundation has enabled him to overcome these obstacles with ease. Without a doubt, the skills enhancement trainings organized by RUFORUM built his leadership skills and have given him a professional edge:

“I am successfully leading a team of professional engineers and surveyors in carrying out feasibility studies and dam construction. Although I am a junior member of the team, I am technically knowledgeable and equipped with leadership skills. That’s what makes me different”, says Eliafie Mwanga.

Eliafie‘s story demonstrates the impact of one agricultural scientist who has been empowered with both technical and transferable skills and is committed to improving food security and rural livelihoods in his home country, but his is not alone. Several of the other alumni of the iAGRI-RUFORUM collaboration are also contributing to this goal. A survey to track their progress after completion of studies showed that they have fully reintegrated into the agricultural system of Tanzania and are stellar performers, contributing to food security efforts in the country.

Skilling graduates to support multidisciplinary research – RUFORUM trains 100


The Master of Science Degree in Research Methods hosted by Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology (JKUAT) is one of the six collaborative regional master’s degree programmes established by the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM). Launched in 2009, the programme was established in response to the large unmet demand in the labour market for professionals skilled in agricultural research methods. In November 2016, the programme graduated 14 master’s students which brings to 100 the total number of graduates who have been equipped with interdisciplinary research methodology skills. The graduates have been drawn from Benin, Burundi, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Rwanda Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

The 2016 MSc Research Methods graduates at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology categorised by gender and nationality

No. Name Country Gender
1 Immaculee Abingoye  Mayugi Burundi Female
2 Funga Assefa Ethiopia Male
3 Jirata Megersa Tadesse Ethiopia Male
4 Caroline Oywer Kenya Female
5 Somanje  Chifuniro Malawi Female
6 Sophia Isala Namibia Female
7 Donatien Ntawuruhunga Rwanda Male
8 Christopher  Joice South Sudan Female
9 Martin Mwale Zambia Male
10 Johnson Kimambo Tanzania Male
11 Mdemu  Siha Tanzania Male
12 Efrance  Najjuma Uganda Female
13 Wilson Mambo Uganda Male
14 Alma Muropa Zimbabwe Female

Graduates from the course have returned to their home countries and constitute a pool of mid-level practical professionals engaging in policy analysis, research, graduate teaching in Biostatistics and Biometry, consultancy services in data analysis and reporting, and design of Monitoring and Evaluation tools for impact evaluation. Some of the graduates have opted to further advance their qualifications in the field and enrolled for PhD programmes.

Continue reading

A mathematician’s passion for simplifying science to catalyse innovation


savannah

Savannah (1st from left), runner up during Famelab science communication competition in South Africa

My name is Savannah Nuwagaba, a PhD Student at Stellenbosch University in South Africa. Throughout my university education, I have majored in Mathematics where expression is mainly through equations and calculus; not words, and certainly not stories. I did not understand the power of storytelling until I went to South Africa, a country whose stories have shaped communities.

I first went to South Africa to pursue a Postgraduate Diploma in Mathematical Sciences at the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS).  In our intake year, we were 54 students from 34 African countries and had lecturers from all over the globe. I was particularly fascinated by our lecturers from Cambridge University who did not just teach us about what other people had done, said or thought, but made sure we were actively engaged in learning. Thanks to them, I came to greatly appreciate the importance of scientific evidence. Several pan African speakers also visited us from time to time while I was at AIMS and through them I realised that with knowledge, we can create the Africa we want to see.

After my completing my diploma at AIMS, i enrolled at Stellenbosch University for a Master’s degree in Biomathematics and stayed on for my PhD. During my early years at the university, I began to question how a mathematician like me could contribute to creating the Africa I want to see. The answer came in 2014 when I was invited to give a TEDx talk under the theme ‘Alone in a crowd’. TEDx talk is a platform for speakers to present great ideas in less than 18 minutes. I used the platform to share my life story and realised that my experiences enlightened both the audience and I. Listening to the enthusiastic feedback from parents and young girls who attended, I purposed not to stop telling stories. I had finally figured out how to make a contribution to my continent.

It was not long before another storytelling opportunity came along. I was nominated to attend the Lindau Nobel Laureate meeting in Germany, the only meeting I know where you can find more than 30 Nobel Laureates from science fields. Listening to the laureate’s stories of why they had opted for careers in science, the ups and downs in their careers and how all these contributed to their ground breaking discoveries, I felt a strong sense of responsibility to share my own science stories with the public in a way they can easily understand. After all, a considerable amount of research funding comes from tax payers’ money.

Although I had previously participated in events where we had to share our science stories with non-specialist audiences, my experience in Lindau created a particular yearning to build my skills in public engagement with science. When I returned to South Africa, I attended as many trainings as my time and resources could allow.

One experience I will never forget was with Famelab, a science communication competition where a scientist is given three minutes to present a scientific idea to a diverse audience in a clear and charismatic way without compromising the scientific content. Through the training we received for the competition, by trainers from both South Africa and the UK, I learnt that we cannot achieve evidence-based policy making unless scientists are able to clearly communicate their evidence in a language that policy makers understand.

For the competition, I explained how evidence from a mathematical model suggested that the way we humans interact with our environment and its resultant effect on the temperature of the earth could determine whether our grandchildren will see some of the animals that we see today or only smaller versions of them, if at all. The first question I received from the audience was “How do you plan to disseminate this piece of evidence to different communities given that every human being contributes to how our environment reacts to our relationship with it?” I did not have a clear answer, but since we had a meeting with the Academy of Sciences of South Africa and the Department of Science and Technology the following week I responded that we could include discussions on how to accelerate the appreciation of science in Africa. Deep down, though, I knew it had to go beyond that.

Why do I share this story?

We often talk about creating people-centred innovative solutions and know that innovation springs from science whether formally or informally yet we still ask, “What can we do about it?” I believe that if scientists in Africa shared their evidence-based stories in ways that can be understood by all stakeholders including rural communities, policy and decision makers, we can create the Africa that we have always wanted to see. Knowledge is power! I therefore call upon graduate students of Africa, from  all scientific disciplines, to build their skills in translating scientific concepts for public consumption and join me in sharing our science for the betterment of the continent.

Savannah Nuwagaba graduated from Makerere University with a Bachelor of Science with Education, Mathematics and Chemistry (majoring in mathematics); completed a Postgraduate Diploma in Mathematical Sciences at the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences https://www.aims.ac.za/   and has majored in Biomathematics for her Master’s and PhD training. She can be reached at savannah@sun.ac.za or savannah@aims.ac.za.

Timely completion of graduate studies at African universities: Eduardo Mondlane University on track


In November 2016, Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique (UEM), a member of the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) and part of the consortium implementing the Inter-University Cooperation to Train Crop Scientists for African Agriculture (CSAA) Project funded through the European Union Intra-ACP Academic Mobility Programme, reached a remarkable milestone by graduating nine students with a Master’s Degree in Crop Protection within the prescribed period of two years. Of these students, six were funded by the Intra ACP Academic Mobility Programme, two by RUFORUM and one by the Belgian Cooperation. The students graduated upon successfully completing one year of coursework and a subsequent year of academic research.

UEM

Pacesetters: L-R: Joseph Kisitu, Benedict Ssekyanzi, Emmanuel Zuza, Ronald Kityo, Elias Oyesigye & Moses Otuba; some of the students who completed the MSc in Crop Protection at Eduardo Mondlane University in 2016

The Master’s in Crop Protection programme at UEM was launched in 2011 and has been running every two years since then. This cohort was the first to enroll international students and a run a curriculum simultaneously in English and Portuguese since the launch of the programme.

The timely graduation of students by Eduardo Mondlane University highlights some of the quiet success stories at African universities and demonstrates that it is possible to graduate students on time in these institutions, a factor that is important raising credibility and attracting students. Moreover, achieving this success on an international programme illustrates that language barriers can be successfully overcome.

PROFILES OF SOME PAST STUDENTS OF THE MSC CROP PROTECTION AT EDUARDO MONDLANE UNIVERSITY, MOZAMBIQUE 

eliasElias Oyesigye was born in Isingiro District in Western Uganda. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture (Crop option) from Makerere University. Elias previously worked with USAID Agriculture and Nutrition Project as a Regional Monitoring Associate in charge of monitoring project work and providing agricultural technical support in six districts of Uganda. Despite his success at this job, Elias was passionate about research and decided to forego his job for further studies.

In 2014, he was admitted at Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique where he pursued a Master of Science in Crop Protection and graduated on 25th November 2016. Elias’ studies were funded through a scholarship from the Intra-ACP Mobility Programme. He also received support from the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) for his field attachment under the RUFORUM Field Attachment Program Award (FAPA). His research focused on Evaluation of cassava genotypes for resistance and genetic diversity in relation to Cassava Brown Streak Disease (CBSD) in Mozambique. CBSD is currently the most devastating disease of cassava in Mozambique, but through his breakthrough research, Elias was able to identify CBSD resistant and tolerant varieties. He has also set up a platform for breeding CBSD resistant varieties in Mozambique. Elias’ research has not only benefited affected communities, but also strengthened the regional cassava germplasm exchange programme.  Contact: eliasogye@gmail.com

benedictBenedict Ssekyanzi was born in Kiboga District in Central Uganda. He holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Agriculture (Crop Science option) from Makerere University, a Postgraduate Diploma in Project Planning and Management from Uganda Management Institute, and a Master’s Degree in Crop Protection from Eduardo Mondlane University.  He previously worked as an Agricultural Officer in Kiboga District, for seven years, after which he served as District Coordinator for the National Agricultural Advisory Service (NAADS) for close to six years.

For his Master’s Degree in Crop Protection, Benedict was sponsored by the Intra-ACP Mobility Programme. His research was on Abundance and distribution of species of Derbidae family on coconut and their association with coconut lethal yellowing disease and was conducted in Inhambane Province in the southern part of Mozambique. Benedict chose to work on a crop that is not common in his home country, Uganda, because the causative agent of the coconut disease affects more than 200 plant species. The knowledge and skills acquired can thus be applied in studies involving other crops. If adopted, the results of his master’s research will contribute to the journey towards economical and sustainable management of coconut lethal yellowing disease in Mozambique where 14-30% of the population derives their livelihood from the crop. Contact: ssekyanzibenedict@gmail.com

ronaldRonald Kityo hails from Wakiso District in Central Uganda. He holds a Bachelor of Science Degree in Horticulture from Makerere University and a Master of Science Degree in Crop Protection from Eduardo Mondlane University. Previously, he worked as an Agricultural Advisory Service Provider for crops under the National Agricultural Advisory Services (NAADS) Programme in Uganda and, prior to that, as a Field Based Consultant with Bioversity Uganda in charge of establishing and managing the Banana Xanthomonas Wilt (BXW) escaping germplasm trials in East Africa and the Horn of Africa. He also served as a member of the District Adaptive Research Support Team, Kyankwanzi District under the Agricultural Technology and Agribusiness Advisory Services (ATAAS). Ronald has also worked with farmers’ cooperatives in Mubende and Kyankwanzi districts. To advance his technical skills and competence, he pursued the Master of Science Degree in Crop Protection at Eduardo Mondlane University, with sponsorship from the European Commission under the Inter-University Cooperation to Train Crop Scientists for African Agriculture (CSAA) Project.  He also received support from RUFORUM for his field attachment through the competitive Field Attachment Program Award (FAPA). His research focused on Evaluation of the occurrence of parasitoids associated with the invasive coconut whitefly (Aleurotrachelus atratus) in Inhambane Province, southern Mozambique. The study gave recommendations that, if adopted, will set the ground for sustainable management of the invasive coconut whitefly in Mozambique and other coconut growing areas in Africa. Contact: ronaldkityo@gmail.com

josephJoseph Kisitu was born in Uganda’s capital city, Kampala. He holds a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture from Makerere University in Uganda. Joseph has worked as an agronomist at Sunshine Agro-products- a cocoa, banana, herbs and spices producing company in Mpigi District in Central Uganda. He also worked as a Voluntary Research Assistant at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture in Namulonge, Uganda, and on a number of short term contracts on research and data collection in various organizations.

In a bid to upgrade his professional profile, Joseph pursued a Master of Science in Crop Protection at Eduardo Mondlane University, under scholarship from the European Commission funded Inter-University Cooperation to Train Crop Scientists for African Agriculture (CSAA). To support his research, Joseph also received support from the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) through the Field Attachment Program Award. Joseph’s research centred on the Distribution and characterization of cowpea genotypes for resistance to root knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.). The study provided recommendations that will help in reducing cowpea yield loss due to rootknot nematode infection. Contact:  jspkst@gmail.com

mosesMoses Amugoli Otuba was born in Bukedea District in Eastern Uganda, and obtained his Bachelor of Agriculture degree from Gulu University in the northern part of the country. He previously worked with the National Agriculture Advisory Services (NAADS) in Kaabong District in the semi-arid Karamoja Region, and at the National Semi-Arid Resources Research Institute in Serere District in Eastern Uganda. Moses received a scholarship from the Intra-ACP Mobility Project to undertake a Master of Science in Crop Protection degree at Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique. He graduated in November 2016. His research focused on the Diversity of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. cubense in Mozambique and associated in-vitro response to fungicides, bio-control agents and phenolic compounds. This research was supported with a grant in form of a Field Attachment Program Award (FAPA) from the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM), and provided recommendations that lay ground for the management of Panama disease in Mozambique. Contact: mozes.otuba@gmail.com

emmanuelEmmanuel Zuza grew up in rural Southern Malawi, where his university fees was paid through proceeds from the sale of groundnuts, maize, soybeans and pigeon peas grown on the family farm. He served as a Project Coordinator with the National Smallholder Farmers Association of Malawi (NASFAM), working with women smallholder farmers to produce safe groundnuts in Malawi. While at NASFAM, he realized there was a knowledge gap in aflatoxin management- one of the major concerns in safe production of groundnuts- and sought to fill in this gap. The opportunity came in form of a scholarship from the Intra-ACP Mobility Project to study for a Master’s Degree in Crop Protection at Eduardo Mondlane University in Mozambique. Groundnut is the third most important crop in Mozambique after maize and cassava, occupying the largest area among the grain legumes in the country. He followed his interest and focused his research on Evaluating the effect of various groundnut harvesting dates and drying methods on the prevention of aflatoxin contamination. This research was funded through a Field Attachment Program Award (FAPA) from the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM). The study recommended the training of farmers on timely harvesting of their groundnuts as harvesting too early or too late often results in higher levels of aflatoxin contamination. It also recommended that farmers should be discouraged from drying their groundnuts on bare soil. Contact: manzyzuzajnr@gmail.com

massambyAndreia Mahalia Maulide Massamby was born in Maputo, Mozambique. She obtained a Bachelor in Agricultural Engineering from Eduardo Mondlane University in 2014. Upon completion of her undergraduate studies, Andreia commenced a two-year master´s degree with a scholarship funded by the Regional Universities Forum for Capacity Building in Agriculture (RUFORUM) through a Graduate Research Grant awarded to Dr Domingos Cugala. Andreia has acquired skills in the field of crop protection with particular emphasis in entomology. Her research focused on the Assessment of distribution and pest status of papaya mealybug (Paracoccus marginatus) and prediction of potential areas at risk of invasion using ecological niche model in Mozambique. She anticipates that this research will contribute to increasing papaya production among smallholder farmer production systems through strategic reduction of P. marginatus population density and associated pest damage. Contact: andreia.massamby@gmail.com

miguelOlzura da Encarnação Miguel was born in Maputo, Mozambique and has a zeal to champion change among smallholder farmers in Mozambique as a mechanism to contributing economic growth, better livelihoods and sustainable development. Olzura holds a Bachelor’s Degree in Agronomic Engineering and a Master’s in Crop Protection, both from Eduardo Mondlane University. For her master’s degree, she merited a scholarship funded by RUFORUM through a Graduate Research Grant awarded to Dr Domingos Cugala of Eduardo Mondlane University. Her research focused on Establishment, assessment and impact of exotic parasitoids on the population of the papaya mealybug, Paracoccus marginatus. This study was designed as a response to the recent outbreak of papaya mealybug which had devastating impacts in Mozambique. The control mechanisms available at the time, such as the chemical control approaches were, however, not economically viable for the smallholder farmers that constitute the majority of papaya producers. Her study thus investigated the alternative approach of using natural and/or biological control that was seen as a more economically and environmentally viable strategy for the suppression of this pest, in order to provide information for evidence-based decision making. Contact: zuramiguel@gmail.com

luisLuis Bota comes from a farming family in the city of Beira, Central Mozambique where he was born and completed his secondary school education. He later obtained a Bachelor’s Degree in Agricultural Engineering from University of Eduardo Mondlane in 2010. Luis has always had a passion for agriculture. After completing his bachelor’s degree, he started working as Coordinator of a Project for Soybean Promotion in Nhamatanda District in Central Mozambique. In 2011, he moved on to the Directorate of Agriculture in the Province of Manica as the focal point of fruit fly activities including monitoring and management. After the first fruit fly laboratory in Mozambique was constructed in Manica, he was appointed as the Head of the Laboratory. Here, the main activity was the mass rearing of fruit flies (Bactrocera dorsalis) and parasitoids (Diachasmimorpha longicaudata and Fopius arisanus) for biological control. In 2015, Luis received a scholarship from the Belgian Cooperation to study for a Master’s in Crop Protection at Eduardo Mondlane University. His research aimed at Evaluating the spatio-temporal microdynamic of fruit flies on a mango orchard in Central Mozambique. The results of this study will help mango farmers to optimize the management of fruit flies by controlling where and when the flies appear.  In a rare feat, Luis completed his master’s degree within 18 months; six months ahead of time. He is back in Manica and resumed his job as head of the fruit fly laboratory. Contact: luisbota@yahoo.com.br

PART OF THE FACULTY TEAM LEADING IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MASTER’S IN CROP PROTECTION AT EDUARDO MONDLANE UNIVERSITY

luisaDr Luisa A. Santos holds a PhD in Entomology, a Master’s Degree in Applied Entomology and a Bachelor’s in Agronomy. She is an Associate Professor at the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering of Eduardo Mondlane University (EMU) and has more than 30 years of university teaching experience in agricultural entomology and integrated pest management. Her research and extension activities have focused on the design and implementation of integrated pest management programs with the main objective of developing, testing and disseminating integrated pest management practices (in cotton, maize, cabbage, coconut, among other crops) for small scale farmers in Mozambique. From 2001 to 2004, she collaborated with the Ministry of Higher Education Science and Technology of Mozambique, and she chaired a national committee responsible for the design and introduction of a National System of Quality Assurance for the Higher Education Sector in Mozambique. She also chaired the national commission that led to the creation of three polytechnic institutes in Manica, Tete and Gaza in Mozambique. From 2011 to 2014, she served as Coordinator of the Centre for Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Studies (CEAGRE) at the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering of EMU. Currently, she is the Quality Assurance Office Director of EMU, a position she has held since May 2013. Contact: luisasantos47@gmail.com

ana-mariaAna Maria da Graça Mondjana, a Mozambican citizen, holds a PhD and MSc degree in Plant Pathology from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA, and a BSc (Honors) degree in Agronomy from Eduardo Mondlane University (UEM). She has extensive experience in teaching at graduate and post-graduate levels, in management, as well as in basic and applied research and extension. She has been a faculty member at the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering at UEM since 1983, where she has been teaching college and post-graduate courses in Plant Pathology and related areas and she had supervised various BSc, MSc and PhD students. During her career, she has held several responsibilities outside academic work and occupied various management positions at the faculty and university level. From 2011 to 2016 she served as Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs at Eduardo Mondlane University and had previously been the Dean for Research of UEM. In relation to research, she led a considerable number of national and regional research projects, with emphasis on plant disease epidemiology and control strategies, from which several publications (as author and co-author) were produced. She has also served in various national and international scientific committees. Contact: anamondjana@gmail.com

cugala

Dr Domingos Cugala was born in Chemba, Sofala Province in Mozambique. He holds a BSc (honours) in Agronomy from Eduardo Mondlane University and is also an alumnus of University of Zimbabwe and Kenyatta University with academic training in Crop Protection (entomology and biological control of invasive insect species). Due to the research done under the RUFORUM grant for the MSc programme, Dr Cugala joined the group of scientists working on biological control of insect pests and was then selected for a doctoral research fellowship under the African Regional Postgraduate Programme in Insect Sciences (ARPPIS) based at the International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology (icipe). Currently, he is a senior lecturer and researcher at the Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Agronomy and Forest Engineering at Eduardo Mondlane University where he teaches courses in Agricultural Entomology, Agricultural pest management, Biological Control, Scientific Research Methods and Insect Ecology. He has won two competitive research grants from RUFORUM, which he led as a Principal Investigator; first in 2010 (3 students were graduated). In 2012, one of his students was awarded one of the 10 best posters during the RUFORUM Biennial Conference. Dr Cugala has had an illustrious career in research and development in agricultural pest management focusing on sustainable management of invasive insect species. He has participated in more than 16 national, regional and international research projects where he acted as coordinator. Dr Cugala has authored over 30 papers published in scientific journals and conference proceedings, and prepared several scientific reports. Contact: dcugala@gmail.com

ameliaDr Amelia Jorge Sidumo  is a lecturer in the Department of Crop Protection, at the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering at Eduardo Mondlane University (FAFE-EM) and head of the department. She holds a PhD in Agronomy with a minor in Agricultural Economics from Texas Tech University in the USA and a Master’s degree in Entomology, with a minor in Geographic Information Systems from Cornell University. Currently, she is also the Country Coordinator for the Better Cotton Initiative, a programme aimed at boosting the economic, environmental and social sustainability of the cotton sector through providing technical assistance to the Cotton Institute of Mozambique and other cotton subsector stakeholders. She has designed and led the implementation of many research projects on pest management in Mozambique, including the pilot project for the Integrated Pest Management of Cotton Pests, a collaboration between FAFE-EM, the Cotton Institute of Mozambique, the Mozambican Agrarian Research Institute and the cotton concessions, with funding from the World Bank. In addition to research, she has also engaged in several consultancies; conducting project baseline surveys and assessments of agricultural projects and programmes including the Final evaluation of the first phase of national agriculture development programme PROAGRI I (1999-2005) where she was responsible for research and extension, and human resources case studies. She has published more than five articles in peer reviewed journals. Contact: asidumo2@gmail.com

bilaDr João Bila holds a PhD in Plant Pathology from the Swedish Agricultural University of Sciences, an MSc in Agricultural Development with a major in plant protection from University of Copenhagen, and a BSc in Agronomy from Eduardo Mondlane University (EMU). Since 2005, he has been a lecturer at the Faculty of Agronomy and Forestry Engineering at EMU where he is involved in teaching, research and rural extension activities.  As a lecturer, he has been teaching undergraduate and graduate courses in plant pathology, biological control of pests and diseases; integrated management of pest and diseases, seed pathology and plant protection. His research and extension interests have mainly been focused on the epidemiology and management of plant diseases including: coconut lethal yellowing disease, cabbage black rot disease, fungal pathogens and mycotoxins associated with peanuts and maize grains, cashew anthracnose disease, Tomato curly stunt leaf disease, cashew-nut and soybean diseases. He is member of a number of international scientific and professional organizations including the African Crop Science Society, Pathway Evaluation and Pest Risk Management in Transport (PERMIT), COGENT International Thematic Action Group on Phytopathology and coconut germplasm movements and the International Phytoplasma Working Group. Dr Bila has authored more than five articles in peer reviewed journals. Contact: jbilay@gmail.com